Troyan (25,000 residents) spreads out along the terraced banks of Beli Osam river at the foot of the Troyan - Kalofer ridge of the Balkan mountains. The attitude is 430 m. above sea level. It enjoys a moderate continental climate. The geographical position of Troyan is quite convenient it has favourable transport links with all big cities. Nearby Troyan Pass ensures the connection of the town with Southern Bulgaria. Troyan lies 160 km from Sofia and about 300 km inland of the Black Sea coast. The town is one of the hiking centres of the country. Many tourists choose Troyan as a starting point for their hiking adventure to the high mountains and to the National Park.
The town of Troyan has kept interesting samples of the National Revival architecture. The former Konak ( today part of the Museum of Traditional Crafts), Serekov house, stone sculptures and facade ornaments, carved iconostases with scenes from the Bible call for admiration even today, and not only among the lovers of the fine arts. The churches of St. Paraskeva in Troyan and Vsyah Svetih (All Saints) in the village of Golyama Zhelyazna are quite interesting for the visitors.
The Sveti Nikolay Letni Church in Gumoshtnik village is a part of an architectural complex with cultural, historical and artistic value, with a cell school and museum exposition. In its yard, one could see the exceptional gravestones, including these of local people who lost their lives in the tragedy of Titanic ship.
In the centre of Troyan, the only in Bulgaria Museum of Traditional Crafts and Applied Arts shows samples of crafts produce, which is still alive in this area. Troyan Art School of ceramics is the pride of the town. The works of present day masters are well-known all over the world.
The National Fair-exhibition of Crafts in Oreshak village presents the achievements of modern masters following the tradition of old ones.
Tourist information centre - Troyan
Sava Mladenov Sq, tel./ fax: + 359 678/ 42 17


According to the historians the first inhabitants in the valley of Osam river has been the Thracians. There is a hill that has been excavated in 1910. There has been found needles for clothes made by bronze and iron spears. The finds dates from the V to III century b.c. It is considered that the present town of Troyan is established in the XV century. It has been a village next to a main road. There have been several inns where big caravans could rest. The name of the town is probabbly connected with the Trayan's road that has passed through the mountain. Another essential reason for the town to be established on its place are the beautiful level sides, that are conviniant for the developing of the agriculture, cattle-breeding and mostly for the developing of the fruit-growing. You can see the oldest picture of Troyan that is ever made in the down, right corner.
To the west of the town raises afforested with conifer forests conical hill Turlata which in Roman time has been observatory of the way passing the valley of Beli Osam. To the north of the town is Kaleto hill where you can enjoy the nice view towards Stara Planina. The name of the hill is linked with the Turkish slavery when here has been located a fortress which guards have bee defending bravely months on end and then - cheated, they have been killed cruelly in Chervyanskata luka downwards. To the east ot the town is Kapincho hill and under it from the east - the valley of Popeshka river.
Culture and style of livingCulture and style of living
The basic traditional crafts in the region are presented by the exposition of the museum of crafts in Troyan and the work of the present masters is presented in the exhibition of crafts in Oreshak. Many masters saved the traditional crafts in their workshops. There are potters, wood-carvers, artists, weavers, ceramists, copper smiths that can be visited. In the community centres in the villages of the Troyan municipality is saved the authentic local folklore with the appearances of the dance and vocal groups that has prizes from the competitions in Koprivshtica. Many interesting songs, games, dances, ring dances, traditions and traditional suits are saved.
The most life pconteporary national artistic crafts in the region are the ceramics, the wood-carving, the art of the copper smith, the weaving. The popularity of the Troyan ceramic school during the Renaissance is because of the skills and experience of the masters to create practical, useful and beautiful utensils. In the colour attitude the mild colours predominate - yellow, brown, green, and the decoration is of three basic kinds: angobic, engraved and plastic. In XX sentury the competition leads to changes in the traditional Troyan ceramics. The colour gamout becomes more variegated. The different kinds of the Troyan design is developed. This process contitues nowadays, too. The wood-carving crafts are the other fame of the Troyan masters. Among the metal-working crafts the most spread is the blacksmith`s. As a craft with specific workshops in Troyan and Novo selo is developed the copper smiths. The artistic cloth are purposed for home use. Very spread is the colourful rug with the haracteristic colours - green, red, black and yellow. The Troyan fleecy rug is with the prefered plant motive - floyers and vine leaves.
Troyan`s region is quite afforested. The north slopes of the Troyan`s mountain are covered with forests. The natural resourses of forests are the main reason for well developed timber and woodworking industry. Oak-tree, hornbeam, ashl and poplar occurs at the lower places. 800 m above sea-level there are beech forests. From 1500 m above sea-levelupwards thereare fir-tree, white fir, spruce, dwarf pine the Troyan`s mountainand blueberry. The ridge of the mountain is occupied by big pastures in herbs. Deadly nightshade, common balm, centaury, milfoil, primrose, crocus, wild geranium and violet have a great spread. On the slopes of the hills occurs different sorts of lichenes. On the alpine meadows there are perennial frutexes, raspberries, blackberries and blue berries. Part of the plants are included in the Red Book of Bulgaria - 79 rare and 13 threatened with extinction kinds. About 48 kinds are protected from bulgarian laws.
Troyan region is especially famous with its animals. It is a favourite place for the hunters in all the country. The clear water in the rivers are best place for hunting delicious trout. Usually when a tourist is walking through the thick forests he notices flock of roes, wild cats or squirrels and at the highest slopes - wild goats and deers. Some of the typical animals are brown bear, wolf, noble deer. More interestin birds are snipes, partridges, rock eagle, tawny-owl, falcon. You can see some animals in the exhibition of Natural Science museum in village of Cherni Osam.